One of these subjects is the several strands of people returning home after the Trojan War – the homecomings – representing inhabitants coming back from their travels to changed circumstances. Where's the Tylenol?". It's what every family feels and deals with during the holidays during normal times, even your snobby neighbors. Our homes say a lot about who we are and what we think is important in life. Although the listener does not receive much detail about him until Book 11 in the underworld, he takes the position of a counter-narrative of Odysseus, for it is also his brother, Menelaos, also assists Telemachus in Pylos. Answer to: Why is Homer important? Nestor, King of Pylos and former warrior in the Trojan War, remembers Troy, and how Zeus, hard-hearted, was not giving allowance to his ship’s homecoming, but rather inspired another clash. His influence was felt not only on literature but on ethics and morality via lessons from his masterpieces. Here he stayed for quite some time, until towards the last remaining books of “The Odyssey” where Athene, with her endless disguises and trickery mind, stood close to Telemachus during his wakeful sleep through the night speaking to him to no longer stay with Nestor on Lakedaimon, but rather remind him of his journey home. According to Homer, a great warrior was one who usually belongs to Troy, or Mycenaean World, and a god was everlastingly to which there is evidence seen today in Linear B tablets. Why is Homer important ethically: Xenophanes (580-480BC) "from the beginning everyone has learnt according to Homer" Homer has: pre-eminent authority "pre" temporally "pre" culturally; not like scripture in important ways: not the word of God, infallible, etc. Then seven years later he was avenged by his son, Orestes. by epicorreption. The epic poems were likely composed near the end of the 8th century B.C.E. Homer's most important contribution to Greek culture was to provide a common set of values that enshrined the Greeks' own ideas about themselves. Instead of following the crowd, Nestor, “with all the ships that followed pulled together, fled away, for [he] saw how the god was devising evils, and the warlike son of Tydeus fled and urged his companions on, and late, fair-haired Menelaos came to join [them]” (55). From the rock stars of the 70's to the pop stars of today, here are ten modern Christmas songs you need on your playlist. The Iliad is Homer's epic poem about an ancient war, gods and goddesses who no longer exist in our collective unconscious, and a society that has … Those songs have existed so long, people don't remember a time without them. Having to repeatedly confront the question of what is real and what is merely the semblance of reality, Odysseus in the end of the poem recreates the world according to his liking and eliminates all negativity. Unfortunately, some setbacks like COVID-19, online school, and quarantine as a whole have made the Holiday Season feel inadequate this year. Women were raped in temples, incidents of burning temples, and this caused gray-eyed goddess Athena a great deal of anger resulting in the disbursement of Greeks left to scatter. "Hallelujah! By Jen Murph y September 9, 2017 Clare Regelbrugge, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Sign in to comment to your favorite stories, participate in your community and interact with your friends. For twenty years he waited for his master’s return, and once Odysseus had come close to him, Argos wagged his tail and lost his strength in battle against death. Homer is attributed as the author of the two most important epic peoms of Ancient Greece, the Iliad and the Odyssey. Recommending urging Menelaos of the great war cry to grant him permission to leave, Athena spoke and told Telemachus, once making land, to go to the swineherd to speak with the man in charge of the pigs, unsuspecting to find his twenty-year gone father there. No matter what place you call home, the very word strikes a chord deep inside each of us. Overall, Xenia is a majorly important theme in the Odyssey. For, it is a noble task to square our history and identity with our understanding of our philosophy and religion. Homer as an oral poet But even if his name is known and his date and region can be inferred, Homer remains primarily a projection of the great poems themselves. The most important … His portrayal of the gods is also interesting since in many ways they are used for comic relief, possessing far less dignity than their heroic mortal counterparts. We are by and large discouraged from either inventing new words or deploying old phrases in our writing; reading Homer, one gets the impression that he was encouraged to do both. It feels like Christmas snuck up on everyone, especially if you have been using Winter Break to sleep in and not worry about your day to day routine (totally not talking from experience). Homer's work was advanced with concern to the literature of the period; Homeric literature is an example of the oral epic within and without the Western standard; Homer's work also served as the foundation for other poets and writers whose works serve as examples of literary styles such as Aristotle and Plato. "I don't know what to say, but it's Christmas, and we're all in misery. And simply make sure everyone is having the "hap-hap-happiest Christmas.". Jennifer Kustanovich, SUNY Stony Brook5. Attributed to the singular ancient Greek poet Homer, the Iliad and the Odyssey are considered to be, not only, the most important works of ancient Greek literature but the oldest extant works of Western literature. According to Homer, a great warrior was one who usually belongs to Troy, or Mycenaean World, and a god was everlastingly to which there is evidence seen today in Linear B tablets. You have to hang all the stockings (with care) and wrap all the presents. While there is disagreement, whether Homer alone wrote these poems or many other people, the 'analysts' and the ancient Greek people and the 'unitarians' are on Homer's side. If this assumption is accepted, then Homer must assuredly be one of the greatest of the world’s literary artists. A similarity as seen in both poets’ writings relates to the depiction of warriors and gods. The first destination, as directed by Athene, was to Pylos to question the great Nestor. Why You Might Want to Read the Odyssey. He is generally regarded as the founding figure of Greek literary culture, and his poems served as something of a benchmark that Greek dramatists, poets, etc aspired to. Menelaos, brother of Agamemnon, and husband of Helen, helped lead the Greeks in the Trojan War, and eventually met up with Nestor, reaching the land of Pylos. However, the past five decades have seen a whole new wave of Christmas classics in pop culture. They returned but knew nothing of the other Achaians- which had survived, which had perished. The lion gate at Mycenae. Although the pair came home together, there was a storm that blew Menalaos to Egypt where he made a lot of money, and furthermore returned from Egypt with ships full of gold. The Simpsons Season 8 episode "Homer's Phobia" is one of the series' most acclaimed outings, winning an Emmy Award for Outstanding Animated Program (For Programming One Hour or Less) in 1997.However, this episode almost didn't make it to air, as Fox censors reportedly objected to the show's exploration of gay relationships. The initial action that fumed and permitted the homecomings of most Achaeans began in the Trojan War. Eurykleia, the housekeeper to Penelope, even saw clear signs of Odysseus’s arrival for a piercing scar left on his foot was noticeable when washing his feet. We take Homer as just the name instead of Anonymous that History gave to whoever came up with the epics being one or … Traditions are hard to break, especially when it comes to the holiday season. Taking on the suitors amongst side of his father and two other men, this fiction is one of a coming of age where a man breaks out of uncertainty and finds his potential power as well as belief in the supports of the gods. Answer to: Why is Homer important? Winslow Homer (February 24, 1836 – September 29, 1910) was an American landscape painter and printmaker, best known for his marine subjects.He is considered one of the foremost painters in 19th-century America and a preeminent figure in American art. Why Homer is Alaska’s Most Charming Town With seafood shacks, art galleries, and biking trails, this coastal community is more Cape Cod than rugged pioneer town. Home is where the heart is but it goes deeper than that. We are by and large discouraged from either inventing new words or deploying old phrases in our writing; reading Homer, one gets the impression that he was encouraged to do both. by epicorreption. The poems contain descriptions which evoke this glorious lost age. Odysseus’s homecoming can be described as a restoration, finding his wife twenty years later, ten years in war, and ten traveling back to his homeland. Odysseus, on the other hand, did not have as positive or straight homecoming as his son, but was engineered return through the authority of Athena. By signing up, you'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework questions. My favorite Christmas movie is "National Lampoon's Christmas Vacation," which is SO underrated compared with other Christmas movies, and the best quotes from the movie are too relatable this year. - Memoria Press. The homecomings of Odysseus reflect the homecomings of the periods during this era. Why Homer Matters is a magical journey of discovery across wide stretches of the past, sewn together by the Iliad and the Odyssey and their metaphors of life and trouble. Trying to find the perfect gifts for your loved ones, picking out the best tree and trimming it to the nines. These poems were an important part of the Greek culture as they were written during the famous Trojan war era. The focus of the poem, Books 13-24, recollects the past of Odysseus’s adventures as well as his final journey homeward. In his works, disgrace due to dishonor is the worst that can happen to a hero, and a short life of glorious deeds is considered far superior to a long life of peace and mediocrity, since by great deeds a man might become immortal. The precise reasons for why their civilisation collapsed in the 12th century BC are still a matter of scholarly debate. It was not a random thought for the sailors were also those of Cretans and Phoenicians who prayed to their gods for a safe homecoming, although Odysseus’s men always angered the gods, either through the eating of their meats or rejecting their laws, which resulted in this prolonged expedition. That there was an epic poet called Homer and that he played the primary part in shaping the Iliad and the Odyssey —so much may be said to be probable. The famous riddle of the sphinx that has been pondered for many years; it is a universal issue that affects all people of every nationality, ethnicity, religion, or geographic area. With 24 books constructing its narrative, five homecomings (Telemachus, Odysseus, Agamemnon, Menelaos, and Nestor) are distinguished as predominant. Homer is traditionally held to be the author of the ancient Greek epic poems “The Iliad” and “The Odyssey” , widely thought to be the first extant works of Western literature.He is considered by many to be the earliest and most important of all the Greek writers, and the progenitor of the whole Western literary tradition.. Why Homer Matters is a magical journey of discovery across wide stretches of the past, sewn together by the Iliad and the Odyssey and their metaphors of life and trouble. This film is a must-watch every year as it brings forth the enthusiasm and holiday vibes in the hearts of every family during the holiday season! While celebrating this magnum opus, I would like to share 25 quotes that mirror our 2020 mental state to the core. Homer (/ ˈ h oʊ m ər /; Ancient Greek: Ὅμηρος Greek pronunciation: [hómɛːros], Hómēros) is the presumed author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two epic poems that are the foundational works of ancient Greek literature.The Iliad is set during the Trojan War, the ten-year siege of the city of Troy by a coalition of Greek kingdoms. While Hesoid begins with the origin of the universe, biological procreation, and generation of gods, Homer, in connection to the Trojan War, recalls history through the story telling of his characters portrayed in his epic. Posted on April 15, 2008 May 16, 2019 by Cheryl Lowe. The other considers the Homeric poems to be the result of a process of working and reworking by many contributors, and that "Homer" is best seen as a label for an entire tradition. I am beginning to think that Homer (s) matters, not Acheles. Why Homer is Alaska’s Most Charming Town With seafood shacks, art galleries, and biking trails, this coastal community is more Cape Cod than rugged pioneer town. Homer’s specificity within the Iliad allows the audience to learn the collective Ancient Greek sense of a collective identity. Homer is traditionally held to be the author of the ancient Greek epic poems “The Iliad” and “The Odyssey” , widely thought to be the first extant works of Western literature.He is considered by many to be the earliest and most important of all the Greek writers, and the progenitor of the whole Western literary tradition.. We have all been through so much with COVID and no one goes unappreciated. I wish I had waited to write the review. The destruction of his soul and companions were left “without mercy, like pigs with shining tusks, in the house of a man rich and very powerful, for a wedding, or a festival, or a communal dinner” (178-9). I was working as a news anchor for Friday Morning News, my high school's television show, on March 12, 2020. Homer and guest star John Waters on the "Homer's Phobia" episode. The heart of a classical education is the cumulative study of Latin and the classical civilizations of Greece and Rome. Greeks and Romans didn't count themselves educated unless they knew his poems. When most of us think of Christmas music, we imagine the traditional songs in the public domain. Homer’s poetry can be considered to a great extent behind why the Ancient Greeks viewed the Trojan War as such a significant historical event. "All My Life" is not your typical romance blockbuster. It was interesting to see how even after the battle ended, all the suitors killed, how Penelope did not make a distinction of her beloved husband until he proved his accuracy in the making of their bed, a bed that was built by Odysseus himself, and only seen by one serving woman, Aktor’s daughter, who had guarded the doors to the chamber. He wrote the lliad and the odyssey. During the time of the Trojan War, disagreement between Agamemnon and his brother rose. It was then where Odysseus fully revealed himself, warrior and king, and the suitors were placed into war. In the midst of altering the young prince’s physique, Athena then pushes him to amend his role in the palace, and accept his responsibilities in maintaining his father’s estate, caring for his cheerless mother, Penelope, and protecting all from the suitors fighting for his mother’s hand in marriage. I enjoyed it. Their qualities are significant of his taste and his view of the world, but they also reveal something more specific about his technique and the kind of … Christmas just has to look a little different. In the Western tradition, education has always been synonymous with classical education. What surprises many readers is that it still has the power to enchant. Symbolically, Homer Barron represents northern industry following the Civil War, which expanded their businesses to the south after the Union victory. Largely self-taught, Homer began his career working as a commercial illustrator. Telemachus, although never fully matching his father’s strength nor wisdom, returns into his country of Ithaka a transformed man. Once Odysseus makes his way to Ithaka he pretends to be someone else, a beggar, telling those around him he is a man of Crete- putting himself into a role of a merchant from a Cretan sailor- who has “met Odysseus.” In a sense the recreation of Odysseus’s identity as a sailor was a symbol used by Homer for sailors, finding ways to pass the time or make something of themselves, would invent stories such as monsters or evil creatures. Knowing their way around their home helps compensate, and being comfortable in … When given the bow, granted agreement through Telemachus unlike the suitors, Odysseus was able to finish the contest and gain ownership within the palace. A marble bust of the Greek poet Homer in a 2008 exhibition. Symbolically, Homer Barron represents northern industry following the Civil War, which expanded their businesses to the south after the Union victory. ... Goethe called it and "The Iliad" "the two most important books in the world.") Not only is it used as a literary device by Homer, as it provides an explanation for many aspects of the plot and provides the poem with continuity as well as a way for Homer to portray characters as heroes and villains. We take Homer as just the name instead of Anonymous that History gave to whoever came up with the epics being one or … More reasons why the Greek poet Homer may never have existed. What is so great about Homer is the depth of his poetry in the Iliad and Odyssey. Not feeling the Holiday spirit in 2020? We are to learn from the Homers, not imitate our wretched heroes. Britannica's Guardians of History Homer's epic poems preserve details about pre-dark age Greece that we would not otherwise have. Kristen Haddox, Penn State University4. Photo by Andreas Trepte, www.photo-natur.net. One of the earliest works of Greek literature sets off during the end of the Mycenaean period and launch of the “Dark Age.” This was a time where heroes, intermediate between mortal man or a god, were first being demonstrated in the poetries of Hesoid and Homer. A similarity as seen in both poets’ writings relates to the depiction of warriors and gods. Holy shi*t! Home means sanctuary, the place we can rest, relax, enjoy time with friends, learn, grow … and just be. She whispered how “it no longer becomes [him] to stray off so far from home, leaving [his] possessions behind and men in [his palace] who are so overbearing” (225). Although co-stars Jessica Rothe and Harry Shum Jr. acted in hits such as "Happy Death Day" and "Crazy Rich Asians," respectively, the two decided to try an unglamorous take on unconditional love during a time when we needed it most. Homer was the most important and earliest of the Greek and Roman writers. 2020 has been a rollercoaster ride of a year, with each month throwing us all in for a new loop. Approximately 70 to 80 percent of literature was influenced by this man; most of which was composed orally before dying out when writing became well-known and literacy began to spread this tradition out. He does not know the true nature of a divinity, nor does anyone, but his reference becomes clearer. It is generally accepted that the poems were composed at some point around the late eighth or early seventh century BC. in the Greek coastal region of Anatolia in an oral tradition more likely intended to be performed than read. Unaware of her husband’s coming (or state of living for that matter), nor made recognition that the beggar was Odysseus himself, Penelope chose to have the suitors string her husband’s bow, a competition she knew in her heart many would fail, in choosing the next companion. This article has not been reviewed by Odyssey HQ and solely reflects the ideas and opinions of the creator. Homer is the trace of that encounter—in war, despair and eventual reconciliation at Troy in The Iliad, in flexibility and mutual absorption in The Odyssey. January 30, 2012. tags: Classics, linguistics, Literary Criticism. A marble bust of the Greek poet Homer in a 2008 exhibition. Homer's most important contribution to Greek culture was to provide a common set of values that enshrined the Greeks' own ideas about themselves. The stars of this movie talk about the reality of cinematic representation and star-crossed relationships. As expected, the suitors could not complete the task at hand. Gold Rush The Simpsons has won 10 Emmys as Outstanding Animated Program (including, in 1997, for “Homer… no privileged caste or group of interpreters who are also law- and justice-givers Why You Might Want to Read the Odyssey. Why Homer is Important. Make this holiday even better with these festive hits! The Atlantic covers news, politics, culture, technology, health, and more, through its articles, podcasts, videos, and flagship magazine. Odysseus’s return runs parallel with disastrous pitfalls of Agamemnon, King of Mycenae and leader in expedition to Troy. The Greek poet Homer is credited with being the first to write down the epic stories of 'The Iliad' and 'The Odyssey,' and the impact of his tales continues to reverberate through Western culture. Homer's Odyssey and Dr. Seuss’ You're Only Old Once "What animal walks on all fours in the morning, on two legs at noon, and on three legs at night?" Why Homer is Important. Homer composed his epic poems (not novels) the Iliad and the Odyssey in about the 8th century BC, and they were written down a little later (they were originally oral), but the action of the poems takes place in pre-dark age Greece, in fact around 1,200BC. I discovered it as a 10-year-old, after my teacher had us trace Flaxman's spear-carrying, helmet-and-negligee-clad Athena on to drawing paper. I discovered it as a 10-year-old, after my teacher had us trace Flaxman's spear-carrying, helmet-and-negligee-clad Athena on to drawing paper. More reasons why the Greek poet Homer may never have existed. Innocent and still maturing in age, here he meets Athena, disguised as Mentes, son of Anchialos the wise, who claims to be “guest-friends by heredity” with Odysseus and whom changes Telemachus’s perspective (32). Homer is the trace of that encounter—in war, despair and eventual reconciliation at Troy in The Iliad, in flexibility and mutual absorption in The Odyssey. What is so great about Homer is the depth of his poetry in the Iliad and Odyssey. Menelaus set sail immediately, while Agamemnon insisted that a sacrifice be held first to pacify the godness Athene. Revealing himself to his son, Odysseus hides his individuality since Book 14, in evading any future dangers in his own country, let alone palace. Athena advises Telemachus to summon Achaian warriors, tell off the suitors with assertiveness, fit out the best ship with twenty oars he can find, and go out to ask news of his father’s long absence. Mycenae was one of the most important settlements in Greece during the Bronze Age. The Greek poet Homer is credited with being the first to write down the epic stories of 'The Iliad' and 'The Odyssey,' and the impact of his tales continues to reverberate through Western culture. January 30, 2012. tags: Classics, linguistics, Literary Criticism. Songs About Being 17Grey's Anatomy QuotesVine Quotes4 Leaf CloverSelf Respect, 1. Hollywood has gifted us with the classic "National Lampoon's Christmas Vacation" film starring Chevy Chase and Beverly D'Angelo 31 years ago, but it is still relevant and a magnificent delight, even in the times of the COVID-19 global pandemic. Radhi, SUNY Stony Brook3. Their homecomings were unlike the others, and both narrate their wanderings from Troy to Telemachus. In the quest to discover news of his father, when Telemachus visited Nestor and Menelaus in Book 4, he also learns of their homecomings. no privileged caste or group of interpreters who are also law- and justice-givers The reader originally understands Odysseus in Books 5 through 8, in the present tense through his wanderings- the stories from how he got from one place to another. Add Chevy Chase into the mix and you have one of the funniest Christmas movies of all time. ", We all know the holidays can be a very stressful time for, well, everyone. His poems provided a fixed model of heroism, nobility and the good life to which all Greeks, especially aristocrats, subscribed. Homer was a philosopher he also was one of the greatest and most important performer and writer of his time Why was homer important in Greek history? By Jen Murph y September 9, 2017 Although chronology was not made sense in Homer, the first writings of him were in Athens, and it was from then on that he developed a world of values that Greeks later pertained to. Brittany Morgan, National Writer's Society2. By signing up, you'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework questions. Why Read Homer’s Iliad? Homer's work was advanced with concern to the literature of the period; Homeric literature is an example of the oral epic within and without the Western standard; Homer's work also served as the foundation for other poets and writers whose works serve as examples of literary styles such as Aristotle and Plato. Comparable to that of a singer, which Homer references as a character in his epic poem, “The Odyssey,” there are set phrases, or tales, that the lyricist uses to project a series of themes throughout the work. https://torteenblog.com/2018/06/04/announcing-best-friends-week/, The Importance Of Homer To Ancient Greek History, The Top 10 Modern Christmas Songs You Need On Your Playlist, It's Been Almost A Year Since The Pandemic Began, And I Still Haven't Adjusted To My 'New Normal', I Interviewed My Best Friend About Her COVID-19 Experience, And It Made Me More Appreciative, 17 Quotes From 'National Lampoon's Christmas Vacation' That Are A 2020 Mood, COVID Doesn’t Magically Leave For The Holidays, So Celebrate With Caution, I Interviewed Harry Shum Jr. And Jessica Rothe About 'All My Life' And It'll Break Your Heart In The Best Way, 25 Quotes From ‘Christmas Vacation’ That Perfectly Encapsulate Your Mental State In 2020, 5 Ways To Get Into The Christmas Spirit This Year. The most important … In Book 1 the audience meets the son of Odysseus, sacker of cities, Telemachus (Telemacheia) in Ithaka who was only an infant at the time of his father’s departure for Troy. They reach out to other Greek mythological traditions, and without Odysseus’s wanderings after Troy, the theme of homecomings or “heroes” would have no significance. King Agamemnon’s story can be interpreted through the listening of the Sirens when Odysseus crosses through this path for it is only he who can hear the songs from the point of Klytaimestra, the “monster” who murdered her husband, although the Sirens have the potential to alter their story telling and thus make Agamemnon the villain- the source for his own death. Christmas. `` to pacify the godness Athene know what to say but... Be one of the poem, books 13-24, recollects the past of Odysseus through his dog,.... They knew his poems provided a fixed model of heroism, nobility and the suitors could not complete the at... 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